Background: I will occasionally present a small (mathematical) puzzle here. These are a tribute to the column “Vuiks Verhandelingen”, written by Kees Vuik which regularly appeared in the Dutch PCM Magazine nearly a decade ago. Sometimes I may think of them myself, and sometimes they may come from elsewhere.
Let’s get started: 114 students applied for a specific study, only 100 were eventually admitted by lottery. Among the 114 students were 5 foreign students. However, none of these foreigners were among the 100 that were admitted. Intuitively this seems quite unlikely. But how unlikely is it really? Were the foreigners intentionally not admitted?
Your task: find the probability that the 5 foreign students were left out due to chance. This can be solved with basic knowledge of probability and set theory. First try it yourself, then click below to expand the solution and check your answer.